Eastern Mediterranean is on the trade route connecting east and west of the World in respect of general geographical position. Mediterranean attracts the attention of both governments in this region and others in that it has Cyprus, Sicilian, Maltese Islands and Suez Canal which connects eastern Mediterranean and The Indian Ocean; and it keeps The Middle East and neighbor regions that contain more than half of world oil under control. Cyprus which is the most important island of Eastern Mediterranean in geopolitical and geostrategic terms is the focus of attention due to the role that plays in controlling of The Middle East and East Mediterranean. Some governments that have coasts to Eastern Mediterranean have de facto applications and policies regarding the areas of maritime jurisdiction. In this study, de facto applications and policies of countries that have coasts to Eastern Mediterranean such as Turkey, Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus, Syria, Israel and Libyan concerning the areas of maritime jurisdiction have been considered. Besides, international agreements and international practices from legal means to be applied in restriction of areas of maritime jurisdiction in Eastern Mediterranean have been analyzed. In the study, within the scope of confiscation of coast states on ship; information has been given concerning The Authority for Confiscation of Ships in Inland Waters, The Authority for Confiscation of Ships in Territorial Waters, The Authority for Confiscation of Ships in Exclusive Economic Zone, The Authority for Confiscation of Ships in Off-shore. Mavi Marmara event that happened in Eastern Mediterranean and its effects, and Cyprus oil exploration works and their effects have also been discussed.
Keywords: Mediterranean, Ocean, Law, Trade, History, Development, Island, Oil